Crepe myrtle poisonous to dogs



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Crepe myrtle poisonous to dogs

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Myrtus communis is a small, deciduous shrub or small tree with fragrant, lemon-scented, white flowers.

It grows in dry woodlands or open slopes in much of southern Europe and southwest Asia.

The fruit is a drupe contning up to 15 seeds. The pulp is edible. The berries are poisonous to dogs, but some dogs are apparently able to eat the seeds, although they may cause digestive upset and possibly kidney flure in the dogs.

Etymology

The species name is derived from the Greek , "common" and,, "myrtle".

The common name is derived from the French ,, "common", "ordinary" and , "berry".

Description

Myrtus communis is a small, shrubby plant, growing up to 6 metres tall. It is sometimes a small tree, but in dry and hot conditions it often does not grow more than a metre tall. It grows well in sunny, sheltered locations, with a deep, organic loam soil, on chalk, dolomite or limestone, or occasionally sandstone, often forming thickets in coastal scrubland and woodland in warm parts of southern Europe and southwest Asia.

The leaves are opposite, simple, with three to seven leaflets. The leaves are leathery and stiff, and the upper surfaces are covered in short soft hrs. The small flowers appear in groups of up to 5, on thin, slender stalks, from June to August. They are pale greenish-white, fragrant, and appear at the same time each year, and do not flower in late spring or early summer. The petals are pinkish and the calyx is a pale pinkish-white.

The fruit is a berry, 3 to 7 ,mm long. It is orange-brown or red, and has a rough surface. The fruit is a drupe, contning a single seed, surrounded by a fleshy, orange-brown "aril".

The fruit is very bitter, contning a strong, disagreeable, resinous flavour, but the pulp and seeds are edible.

In Britn, M. communis has become naturalised in south east England and southern parts of the West Country. It is a popular ornamental plant, and may be found in suburban gardens and as a street tree. The plant was introduced to Australia in the late 19th century, and is now a common street tree in south eastern Australia. In the US, the plant has been introduced in some states, but is less common and is seldom seen in cities and towns.

Myrtus communis is very closely related to the similar and sometimes edible M. terebinthus. This plant is native to North America, and it is similar in form to M. communis, but has much smaller, more numerous flowers and berries. In fact, the two plants appear to be the same species. Some botanists have synonymised the two species, and treated M. communis as the North American species. Other botanists argue that the plant is a distinct species, and treat M. terebinthus as a subspecies of M. communis.

Distribution

M. communis is native to dry, warm and often sunny conditions. It is native to southern Europe and southwest Asia, including Morocco, Algeria, the Canary Islands, Madeira, the Balearic Islands, Crete, southern Greece, Corsica, Sardinia, Cyprus, southern Turkey, Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Jordan, Palestine, Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, the Arabian Peninsula, Cyprus, Greece, Italy, the Balkans, Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria, Israel, Palestine, Syria, Jordan and Cyprus. It is also found in Spn, and some of its seeds have been found in North Africa.

It has been introduced to many other areas, including California, Hawi, Puerto Rico, Hawi, Australia, New Zealand, Argentina, Chile, Brazil, Venezuela, Cuba, Paraguay, Mexico, Canada, the United States, Chile, Uruguay and Argentina.

In Israel and the Palestinian territories, M. communis was one of the trees used for the construction of the Tower of David, the citadel of Jerusalem.

Uses

Myrtus communis fruits are used to make jelly and jelly-like confectionery, including jelly candies, jellies, sherbets, and syrups. The fruits have an intense and sweet flavour. They are very sour to human taste, but the sourness is not so marked that they are unpalatable to dogs.

The arils are poisonous to dogs and cats.

The flowers and leaves are used to make oil for perfumes and soap.

Cultivation

M. communis is usually cultivated as an ornamental garden plant. The plant grows easily in sandy, gravelly, or rocky soil, and requires full sun. It has the ability to survive temperatures down to minus 20 degrees Celsius (4 degrees Fahrenheit).

M. communis grows easily from seed, and can be easily propagated from cuttings. It is readily adapted to a variety of conditions.

Cultivars

Many cultivars have been developed for garden use. These include:

M. communis var. communis - Common Myrtle

M. communis var. gracilis - Graceful Myrtle

M. communis 'Boulevard' - A large-growing, bushy cultivar, with broad, dark-green leaves and flowers

M. communis 'Blue Wave' - Blue-flowered cultivar

M. communis 'Blue Sunset' - Blue-flowered cultivar

M. communis 'Candida' - A large-growing, bushy cultivar, with a pale pink flower.

M. communis 'Chablis' - A large-growing, bushy cultivar, with narrow, dark-green leaves and pale pink flowers.

M. communis 'Giant Rose


Watch the video: How To Prevent Crape Myrtle Suckers


Comments:

  1. Trong

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  2. Atemu

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  3. Trong

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