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According to the English dictionary, happiness is a feeling of contentedness, well-being, pleasure, or good fortune. It is not, as curmudgeon Ambrose Bierce once said, an agreeable sensation arising from contemplating the misery of another though some humans do seem to derive pleasure in that way.
With cats, many essentially wear their hearts on their sleeves, contentedness and well-being is a far less complicated affair and is plain for all to see - as long as you know what you are looking for.
Content cats sleep for about 10 to 16 hours per day, mostly at night. They wake up early and set out in search of food. Breakfast, if you will! They appear bright, alert, active, and solicit attention from their owners. They also interact positively with each other in the case of multi-pet homes. Through the morning, they play, enjoy social activities, perhaps resting briefly between events. Cats will often siesta around noontime, getting into the proverbial catnap mode, preparing for the next bout of fervent activity. Increased activity becomes apparent as the late afternoon approaches and into early evening, with the excitement of returning family members and mealtimes. The various actions and interactions that occur at this time are engaged in with interest and joy. Eyes are bright, ears are swiveling, and tails are high. A quieter late evening period ensues with contented animals enjoying each others' company or seeking out and staying close to their human caregivers for company. Cats may solicit petting and purr. All the world is at peace.
Unhappy cats are created by adverse experiences, inconsistent interactions with their owners, lack of exercise, an unstable routine, in appropriate social interactions, and by underemployment. What owners have to remember is that while their homes are set up to please them, with all “mod cons” like telephones, VCR's, computers, furniture, and elegant décor, none of these things is really appreciated by the cat. For owners to keep their cats happy, they have to think like a cat. Think “how would I like it if” and then work their way through their cat's 24-hour day. How would I like it if my owner didn't protect my interests? How would I like it if my owner never played with me or barely communicated with me in any way? How would I like it if my life was totally unpredictable, uncontrollable, and was punctuated by adverse social interactions? How would I like it if I had nothing to do all day long?
When things go wrong, aspects of the “unhappy cat syndrome” start to emerge. Unhappy pets often sleep more in a 24-hour period, entering a state bordering on depression or learned helplessness. On the other hand, they may sleep more fitfully at night as they are not in a proper routine. Lack of gainful employment leads to any number of behavior problems that arise as diversions. These sometimes take the form of destructive behavior, or overeating. Some cats will not pay attention to their owners or become more aloof . Their eyes don't shine with excitement but rather appear dull and vacuous. Such cats may adopt hunkered, cowed postures and may show a lack of alertness and curiosity. Many are anti-social and some act out their negative feelings toward others. Many times, attention to the basics can turn an animal like this around. The following is a list of items that may need attention:
The happy cat that arises as a result of the aforementioned adjustments will sleep well at night and look forward to and enjoy each day and the entertainment that it brings. Aggressive behavior should melt away, fears will be quelled, and annoying habits will be replaced by constructive alternatives. Once this happy Utopian state has been achieved, an owner will enjoy his or her cat or cats even more and, perhaps more importantly, the cat will look up to its owner as it positively radiates appreciation and, what else, happiness.